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Biometrics Expert Peter Higgins to Receive SEARCH’s Highest Practitioner Honor

Peter T. Higgins

Peter T. Higgins

The SEARCH Board of Directors chose long-time biometrics expert Peter T. Higgins to receive the 2014 O.J. Hawkins Award for Innovative Leadership and Outstanding Contributions in Criminal Justice Information Systems, Policy and Statistics—SEARCH’s highest practitioner honor.

Mr. Higgins is a long-time leader in the biometrics field, and works as a consultant, lecturer and author helping government agencies find and acquire biometric systems that are standards-based and appropriate to their needs. His work takes him all over the globe, and has been used to help national police services in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Mr. Higgins was nominated for the award by Judge William S. Sessions, former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the 1992 Hawkins Award recipient. 

The Board selected Mr. Higgins for the award at their 2014 Winter Meeting last month.

“Mr. Higgins has provided 20 years of hands-on project planning and management as well as thought leadership in the criminal justice community. This has been through his small business as well as through extensive pro bono activities. He is well respected and recognized in this community for his service. The fact that congressional offices reach out to him is further tribute to his broad impact on the community as well as the depth of his knowledge.”
—Judge William S. Sessions


biometricsMr. Higgins retired from the FBI in 1995 as the Deputy Assistant Director in charge of the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) program and Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division’s Engineering Branch. 

He joined the FBI in 1992 to manage the IAFIS Program Office. At the time, the FBI was experiencing a 3- to 6-month turnaround in fingerprint processing, with a backlog approaching 750,000 fingerprint cards. Mr. Higgins worked with the Department of Justice, Congress, and state and local criminal justice communities to help shape the complex IAFIS system into the largest criminal fingerprint database in the world. 

Today, IAFIS houses fingerprints and criminal histories for more than 70 million subjects in the criminal master file, and more than 34 million civil prints.  The system responds to requests 24/7 by local, state, and federal partners and handles over an average of 163,000 transactions per day. 

As the FBI began working on its Next Generation Identification (NGI) program, which is an upgrade to IAFIS that will include even more biometric modalities, it again reached out to Mr. Higgins for his expertise. Based on his experience gained at the Department of Defense in the deployment of its Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS), he helped the FBI develop operational concepts for the use of facial recognition and iris matching. 

AFIS Procurement Efforts

He has also been instrumental in helping two agencies—the Orange County (California) Crime Lab and the Western Identification Network (WIN)—procure AFIS systems that support cross-jurisdictional searches and to implement the newly established Extended Feature Set (EFS) searching of latent prints between otherwise incompatible systems. EFS is a major capability of the NGI system. 

Much of Mr. Higgins’ early work forms the baseline for most AFIS procurements around the world today. Decisions on transmission protocols for digital images and related demographic and biographic data, image quality metrics, certification of scanners, and vocabulary terms all have roots dating back to his leadership and recommendations of the early 1990s. 

Mr. Higgins is the founder and current secretary of the Scientific Working Group for Forensic and Investigative Speaker Recognition (SWG-Speaker), a group that supports and promotes the scientific foundations and practice of speaker recognition, voice data collection, measurement, transmission and retrieval capabilities. 

The SEARCH Membership will present the Hawkins Award at its 2014 Annual Meeting next July in Salt Lake City.

O.J. Hawkins Award

  • formally acknowledges an individual’s service, dedication, and contributions that have improved the justice community’s ability to develop and use criminal justice information.
  • past Hawkins Award recipients have made outstanding contributions that have a broad-ranging impact, often affecting multiple states, justice disciplines, or branches of government.
  • the only nationally recognized, competitive award for contributions in the field of criminal justice information management
  • named for Orville J. (Bud) Hawkins, who was SEARCH’s first Chairman and Executive Director.
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Past recipients of O.J. Hawkins Award

(titles listed were at the time of the award) 

Karen Lissy

Ms. Karen Lissy is a Justice Information Services Specialist for the Law and Policy Program of SEARCH, The National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics. In this position, she provides assistance to state and local justice and public safety agencies to collect, curate, and use National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data and computerized criminal history record (CCH/CHRI) information for policy analysis and development.

She also guides justice and related organizations in how to craft and implement laws, policies, practices, and technology applications to effectively collect and use CCH and related justice/public safety data; address legal, policy, and regulatory issues associated with CCH data; better manage and operate criminal justice information and identification systems; and develop security and privacy policies that protect justice information sharing systems.

Ms. Lissy has nearly two decades of research and data analysis experience, having led projects and tasks in support of two agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs (the Bureau of Justice Statistics and National Institute of Justice), as well as the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, and multiple foundations, including Ford, Annie E. Casey, and Hewlett. Prior to joining SEARCH in October 2020, Ms. Lissy served as a Social Science Researcher at RTI International, as a regional Crime Analyst for the Redmond (WA) Police Department, and as Director of a research program with the Harvard Center for Risk Analysis. Beginning in 2012, Ms. Lissy’s work has focused on improving data in law enforcement to answer policy questions and improve community/police relations.

Ms. Lissy earned a Bachelor’s degree in Public Policy from Duke University, and a Master’s in Public Health from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Michael Mackay

Mr. Michael Mackay is an Information Sharing Developer for SEARCH, The National Consortium for Justice Information and Statistics. As part of the Software and Data Engineering Program (SDEP) team, he plans, develops, implements, and deploys information sharing systems on behalf of SEARCH clients in local, state, tribal, and Federal government settings. He also provides programming, configuration, and testing assistance, and consults on implementation architecture and design with clients. 

Mr. Mackay supports justice, public safety, and homeland security information sharing nationwide through SDEP services that include software architecture and systems design, application development, deployment and support, data management services, and direct technical assistance and training. These services offer capabilities that include federated query, authentication access/control, subscription/notification, process/workflow automation, data analysis, and more. 

Prior to joining SEARCH in 2021, Mr. Mackay worked as a Software Engineering Intern for TDM Business Toole Suite, where he provided software development support using Java frameworks, implemented relational database models using MySQL, and designed GUI components using NetBeans. 

Mr. Mackay will work in an Agile development environment, a methodology that SEARCH embraces that focuses on incremental development and delivery, collaboration in a team approach, and rapid and flexible response to change throughout the development cycle. 

Mr. Mackay earned a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and Applied Mathematics and Statistics from Stony Brook University, New York.