Biometrics Expert Peter Higgins to Receive SEARCH’s Highest Practitioner Honor
The SEARCH Board of Directors chose long-time biometrics expert Peter T. Higgins to receive the 2014 O.J. Hawkins Award for Innovative Leadership and Outstanding Contributions in Criminal Justice Information Systems, Policy and Statistics—SEARCH’s highest practitioner honor.
Mr. Higgins is a long-time leader in the biometrics field, and works as a consultant, lecturer and author helping government agencies find and acquire biometric systems that are standards-based and appropriate to their needs. His work takes him all over the globe, and has been used to help national police services in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Mr. Higgins was nominated for the award by Judge William S. Sessions, former Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the 1992 Hawkins Award recipient.
The Board selected Mr. Higgins for the award at their 2014 Winter Meeting last month.“Mr. Higgins has provided 20 years of hands-on project planning and management as well as thought leadership in the criminal justice community. This has been through his small business as well as through extensive pro bono activities. He is well respected and recognized in this community for his service. The fact that congressional offices reach out to him is further tribute to his broad impact on the community as well as the depth of his knowledge.”
—Judge William S. Sessions
FBI IAFIS Manager
Mr. Higgins retired from the FBI in 1995 as the Deputy Assistant Director in charge of the Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) program and Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division’s Engineering Branch.
He joined the FBI in 1992 to manage the IAFIS Program Office. At the time, the FBI was experiencing a 3- to 6-month turnaround in fingerprint processing, with a backlog approaching 750,000 fingerprint cards. Mr. Higgins worked with the Department of Justice, Congress, and state and local criminal justice communities to help shape the complex IAFIS system into the largest criminal fingerprint database in the world.
Today, IAFIS houses fingerprints and criminal histories for more than 70 million subjects in the criminal master file, and more than 34 million civil prints. The system responds to requests 24/7 by local, state, and federal partners and handles over an average of 163,000 transactions per day.
As the FBI began working on its Next Generation Identification (NGI) program, which is an upgrade to IAFIS that will include even more biometric modalities, it again reached out to Mr. Higgins for his expertise. Based on his experience gained at the Department of Defense in the deployment of its Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS), he helped the FBI develop operational concepts for the use of facial recognition and iris matching.
AFIS Procurement Efforts
He has also been instrumental in helping two agencies—the Orange County (California) Crime Lab and the Western Identification Network (WIN)—procure AFIS systems that support cross-jurisdictional searches and to implement the newly established Extended Feature Set (EFS) searching of latent prints between otherwise incompatible systems. EFS is a major capability of the NGI system.
Much of Mr. Higgins’ early work forms the baseline for most AFIS procurements around the world today. Decisions on transmission protocols for digital images and related demographic and biographic data, image quality metrics, certification of scanners, and vocabulary terms all have roots dating back to his leadership and recommendations of the early 1990s.
Mr. Higgins is the founder and current secretary of the Scientific Working Group for Forensic and Investigative Speaker Recognition (SWG-Speaker), a group that supports and promotes the scientific foundations and practice of speaker recognition, voice data collection, measurement, transmission and retrieval capabilities.
The SEARCH Membership will present the Hawkins Award at its 2014 Annual Meeting next July in Salt Lake City.
O.J. Hawkins Award
- formally acknowledges an individual’s service, dedication, and contributions that have improved the justice community’s ability to develop and use criminal justice information.
- past Hawkins Award recipients have made outstanding contributions that have a broad-ranging impact, often affecting multiple states, justice disciplines, or branches of government.
- the only nationally recognized, competitive award for contributions in the field of criminal justice information management
- named for Orville J. (Bud) Hawkins, who was SEARCH’s first Chairman and Executive Director.
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Past recipients of O.J. Hawkins Award
(titles listed were at the time of the award)
- 2013: Mr. Ronald P. Hawley, Executive Director (retired), SEARCH
- 2012: Dr. Gerard Ramker, Deputy Director, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice
- 2011: Mr. David Gavin, Assistant Chief (retired), Administrative Division, Texas Department of Public Safety
- 2010: Mr. Thomas E. Bush III, Assistant Director (retired), Criminal Justice Information Services Division (CJIS), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
- 2009: Mr. Gerry Coleman, Director (retired), Crime Information Bureau, Wisconsin Department of Justice.
- 2008: Mr. Domingo Herraiz, Director, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), U.S.DOJ
- 2007: Mr. Roy G. Weise, Senior CJIS Advisor, FBI Criminal Justice Information Services Division
- 2006: Hon. Robert C. Byrd, U.S. Senator, D-WV
- 2005: Hon. Judd Gregg, U.S. Senator, R-NH
- 2004: Ms. Carol G. Kaplan, Chief, National Criminal History Improvement Program, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice
- 2003: Mr. Gary R. Cooper, Executive Director, SEARCH
- 2002: Mr. David R. Loesch, Assistant Director (former), Criminal Justice Information Services Division, FBI
- 2001: Mr. Timothy P. Sweeney, Executive Director, National Law Enforcement Telecommunications System
- 2000: Hon. Patrick J. Leahy, U.S. Senator, D-VT
- 2000: Mr. Robert L. Marx, Senior Systems Specialist (retired), SEARCH
- 1999: Dr. Jan M. Chaiken, Director, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice
- 1998: Hon. Janet Reno, Attorney General of the United States
- 1997: Mr. Bishop L. Robinson, Secretary, Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services
- 1996: Hon. Mike DeWine, U.S. Senator, R-OH
- 1995: Mr. Patrick J. Doyle, Director, Criminal Justice Information Services Division, Florida Department of Law Enforcement
- 1994: Hon. Don Edwards, U.S. Representative, D-CA
- 1993: Hon. Robert C. Murphy, Chief Justice, Maryland Court of Appeals
- 1992: Hon. William S. Sessions, Director, FBI
- 1991: Mr. Richard N. Harris, Director (former), Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services
- 1990: Mr. Richard W. “Pete” Velde, Administrator (former), Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
- 1989: Hon. Joseph Biden Jr., U.S. Senator, D-DE
- 1988: Hon. Thomas J. Stovall, Jr., Presiding Judge, 2nd Administrative Judicial Region of Texas
- 1987: Dr. Charles M. Friel, Dean and Director, Criminal Justice Center, Sam Houston State University
- 1986: Dr. Steven R. Schlesinger, Director, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice
- 1985: Mr. Fred Wynbrandt, Assistant Director, Identification and Information Branch, California Department of Justice, and Chairman, FBI NCIC Advisory Policy Board